Portuguese Family Histories



The following people will be added here very soon. For now, only the ones in blue are ready to go now. The red text indicates new information about a person's origin or something not in the original text, either discovered by me or one of the visitors to these pages. I encourage everyone to help correct any inacurracies or typos. I have an ongoing project to identify the native village of each person mentioned in the book Portuguese Pioneers of the Sacramento Area. I would be happy to learn more from what each visitor knows.

Joseph S. Anzore (Osorio), of Mirando do Douro, Portugal

Arthur Balshor (Alexander Arthur Belchior), of Urros, Portugal

João José Barandas, of Tras-os-Montes, Portugal

José Bastião, of Legares, Portugal

Antonio Maria Canijo, of Uros, Portugal

Frank Chaquico, of Ligares, District of Bragança, Portugal

Manuel Coquim, Jr., of Gafanha da Cal da Vila, Ilhavo, Portugal

Antonio Ferreira, of Villa Cortez de Serra, Portugal

Manuel Gomes, of Tondella, Chancella, Portugal

Antonio M. Gouveia, of Lisboa, Portugal

John Manuel Madeira, of Urros, Tras-os-Montes, Portugal

Frank Mendes (Francisco Mendes), of Villa Cortez, Portugal

John Alfonso Pereira, of São Braz de Aportel, Algarve, Portugal

Manuel Perry, Sr., of Lisboa, Portugal

Manuel Fernandes Pinto, Jr., of Ilhavo, District of Aveiro, Portugal

Antonio De Reis Pires, of Freira Bragança, Portugal

José Ferreira Rosa, of Dardavaz, Portugal

José Silveira, resident of Lisboa, Portugal (native of Flores, Açores?)

Francisco Manuel Viegas, of Izeda, northern Portugal

You can add the story of your ancestors here. Send E-Mail to: Family-Histories@dholmes.com

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These are the stories of people from Mainland Portugal:

From page 183 of Portuguese Pioneers of the Sacramento Area:

JOSEPH S. ANZORE (the family name was originally Osorio) was born January 1, 1898, in Mirando do Douro, in continental Portugal, to Antonio Luiz and Rosa Catarina, who were married about 1888.

In March or April 1911, the family parents and children Joseph, Isabel and Francisco left Ligares, Portugal, with other families from Ligares and Urros, to work the sugarcane fields in Hawaii. An older son Angelo and his wife and three children stayed in Portugal, but at a later date moved to Montevideo, Uruguay.

It took 60-plus days to make the trip around Cape Horn to Hawaii. The ocean was rough, and they encountered hardships. Rosa Catarina was seasick the entire trip, and their trunks were lost possibly sent to Africa. They were offered other trunks left behind by others, but they refused. Friends and other passengers were kind and offered them clothing.

In Hawaii, they were sent to a sugarcane camp, designated Camp 5. Joseph, being big for his age 13, drove a team of horses to pick up the harvested cane while his father, mother, and sister cut the cane.

After only nine months or so, Antonio Luiz suffered from stomach problems, so they left Hawaii for mainland United States. They went to Concord, California, where Rosa Catarina ran a boarding house, and Joseph and his father went to work building the railroad at Concord while Francisco and Isabel attended school.

After a period in Concord, restless Antonio Luiz took the family to Sacramento, where they lived at 3rd and S Streets, renting from Mrs. John Enos.

In 1915 the family went back to Ligares, Portugal, with Joseph staying behind. Antonio, being in poor health, had decided he wanted to die at home, which he did around 1925. Rosa Catarina died around 1932.

Joseph went to live for a while with his good friend Frank Morais, also from Ligares, who was a farming partner with Manuel Francisco Silva in the Clarksburg area. He also worked for Frank Machado Sr. in Natomas from 1915 until about 1917. He then went to work for the Southern Pacific Railroad as a boilermaker for about 53 years, and retired in 1968.

Joseph married GELCEMINE NORDESTE in 1915 at St. Elizabeth's Church. Their children were Louis F. and Edward J. Anzore. Joseph and Gelcemine divorced in 1922, and she died in 1956. Joseph then married ISABELLE GEORGE about 1926, and had a child, Beverly Jean. Joseph died February 2, 1981.

Joseph was the founder of the second organized Camellia City Band in the early 1920s, playing with the band clarinet and Souzaphone until around 1973. His band uniform was donated to the Sacramento History Center as part of its Portuguese collection.

Son Edward J. Anzore, born in 1918, saw wartime service as an Air Force navigator, flying 45 missions over Europe, for which he received the Distinguished Flying Cross and six Air Medals. He then went on to get a law degree from the University of San Francisco in 1948 (too bad online college degrees weren't an option), and the next year hung out his shingle in the practice of civil, criminal and administrative law at the Ochsner Building in Sacramento. He died May 9, 1988, at age 70, leaving his wife, the former Esther L. Meunier. They had married in 1941. He was one of the founders of the Valley High Country Club in 1959, past-president of the Sacramento chapter of Cabrillo Civic Club, and a member of other organizations and lodges in the Sacramento area.

[Edward J. Anzore]

From pages 193-194 of Portuguese Pioneers of the Sacramento Area:

ARTHUR BALSHOR (Alexander Arthur Belchior) married GRACA JOAQUINA NUNES SECCO in 1902 in Urros, Portugal, in a marriage arranged by the bride's mother. Graca, born November 25, 1882 to Manuel Jose Secco and Josefa da Conceição, was 17 years younger than her husband. Initially she balked at the prearranged match, but relented under family pressure.

With children Antonio, Marcelino, Lucinda, Joseph, and Theresa, born in Portugal, the family decided to leave Portugal, and on February 11, 1911, they boarded the ship Ortisio in Porto, bound for Hawaii to work in the sugarcane plantations. During the six-month trip around the Horn, Lucinda and Joseph died in a severe measles epidemic on board ship. Graca fought valiantly to save her two children, but because of primitive living conditions aboard ship and no medicines, the children died. In Hawaii, they lived with other Portuguese families in a small compound which came to be known as "The Five Houses." In 1912 Graca bore another son and named him Joseph in memory of the son she lost aboard ship. Tragically, in 1914 little Joseph died, but Graca became pregnant again, and gave birth later the same year to another Joseph, named for the two others who died. Graca delivered the latter Joseph herself, completely unattended.

In 1915 several of the families in the compound decided to leave Hawaii for Sacramento, and the Belchiors followed later that year. Arthur, Graca and their four children, Antonio, Theresa, Lucinda, and Joseph, arrived on the mainland May 8, 1916, and made their way to Sacramento, moving into a home on 2nd Street between T and U, in the "Arizona" neighborhood.

Arthur was employed as a farm worker and Graca took in boarders. Arthur eventually became a farm contractor and when he went to farm camps he took the children and Graca, who would cook and wash clothes for 30 men.

In 1917 Graca gave birth to another son, Manuel Vincent. She then decided to become a midwife, delivering around 40 babies. In 1919, at their second residence at 306 S St., Graca gave birth to John Bernard, and in 1921 to daughter Dozendia, who died of diphtheria in 1923. In 1922 Arthur and Graca bought a home at 315 U Street. In January 1923 their eldest son Antonio, just shy of his 20th birthday, was shot and killed in an altercation in the White Front Cafe on 4th Street between J and K Streets. Meanwhile, daughter Theresa had married John Morais in 1923, and made their home above the grocery store he owned on the corner of 3rd and U Streets. In 1925 they sold the store and moved to Walnut Grove.

In 1924 Graca gave birth to another son, whom she planned to name Antonio for the son killed the previous year. Arthur and the other members of the family did not agree with Gracas selection, and decided to change the name. On the day of the baptism at St. Elizabeth's church, Graca stayed home to cook the festive dinner, and Arthur and the family members decided to name the baby Alberto.

Arthur continued with his farm work until 1926, then worked at a cannery in Ryde where he suffered his first heart atack. Graca and daughter Lucinda, in order to support the family, went to work at a cannery at 2nd and P Streets. Arthur died December 15, 1929 at the age of approximately 62. Graca and children Lucinda, age 18, and Joseph, age 15, obtained work in the prune ranches and also in the asparagus fields. Graca cooked and washed clothes for 15 men.

After the farming season she and Lucinda worked at the cannery. Lucinda and family friend Manuel Morais would take care of the house and younger children when Graca worked on the ranches. Lucinda sometimes worked a double shift at the cannery and would walk home, arriving at 4:00 a.m., get a few hours sleep, and then get her brothers off to school. John, age 13, also worked at the cannery to supplement the family income.

Young Alberto worked at several jobs, including three paper routes, selling to local bars the fiowers he obtained from neighborhood women, and selling programs at the L Street Arena.

In 1946 Graca took in as a boarder Marie Sequeira, the young daughter of a widowed friend from Dixon, so she could attend secretarial school. Marie and Al Balshor married in January 1948 while he was apprenticing for Relies Florist. In 1950 he opened his own florist shop at 930 0 St., and then in 1972 moved to 2771 Riverside Blvd. where he is presently located.

Manuel, who worked hard as a youngster to contribute to the support of the family, quit school to go into commercial fishing with brother Joseph, then later worked for his brother Al before working for the Sheriff's Office.

In 1943 Joseph was inducted into the army. He was a front-line medic when he was killed at the Anzio beachhead in the Casino battle in Italy. After Joseph's death Graca quit her job at the cannery.

Lucinda began working at Azevedos California Apparel, and in 1948 married Joe Drago. In 1949 John finished his education, received his teaching credential, and became a teacher.

In 1965 Gracas health began to fail. She died December 14, 1974, at age 92.

The name Belchior was changed at school registration, being recorded phonetically as Balshor.

[Excerpted from Graca, published 1972 by Deanna Prisco and Marie Balshor.]

From pages 194-195 of Portuguese Pioneers of the Sacramento Area:

JOÃO JOSE BARANDAS was born in Tras os Montes, northern Portugal, in 1896. When he was 17 he wanted to go to America, so his father arranged for him to go to Pinole to live with an uncle. He had arrived by ship in New York in January 1916.

He worked for a railroad company in Pinole. A year later, in December 1917, his sweetheart, ANNA ELIUZA GARCIA, arrived from Portugal to live with her father, Antonio Maria Garcia, who came to the U.S. from Tras os Montes on March 2, 1916. On February 11, 1918, they were married. Antonio lived with them while continuing to work for farmers in Natomas, until he died.

John and Anna Barandas came to Sacramento and in 1927 moved to Natomas where John worked for the Natomas Company Water District. In 1930 he and Anna began farming on a small scale while Joao continued working for the Natomas Co., eventually farming full-time.

They raised five children Manuel, Mary, Josephine, Elvera, and Tony all of whom attended Jefferson School in Natomas. By the time John died in May of 1965 he and Anna owned several hundred acres in Natomas. Anna died August 27, 1979.

Manuel Barandas married Delores Ferreira, daughter of Lauro Ferreira, in September 1941; Mary Barandas married Joe Eufrazia; Josephine Barandas married Lauro Ferreira Jr.; Elvera Barandas married Manuel Bastiao. There are four generations of Barandas still living in Natomas.

Manuel Barandas, who originally farmed with his father, began farming on his own in 1950, and now operates Barandas Farms. He has also been active in real estate, and served as a director of First Commercial Bank. He and Delores raised five children: Richard, who died at age 21; John, who worked for the Telephone Co.; Gloria Barandas Naify; and James and Thomas, farmers, with their own corporation.

[Mary Ferreira Rosa]

ANTONIO M. GOUVEIA of Lisboa, Portugal

My grandfather Antonio M. Gouveia was born April 15, 1891 in Lisbon, Portugal. His father was Manuel M. Gouveia and his mother's was Maria Rosa (GOMES). Antonio left his homeland when he was 21 years old, after an arguement he had with his mother. He went to Southampton, England with an adopted cousin Jack Gomes. They were to board the Titantic, but that night they got drunk and missed the ship. The next day they caught a freighter and worked their way over to the United States. I'm not sure where Antonio came into. I've searched passenger lists from New York, but so far I've been unsuccessful in finding his name. He did tell my mother that he once walked all the way up into the torch in the Statue of Liberty, so perhaps he went there at a later date.

Antonio was also in Rhode Island, as he worked as an orderly in the hospital there. From there he made his way into Walden, Vermont and got a job on the Sulham Farm. That's where he met my grandmother, Flora Mae Sulham. I feel from the moment they met each other, they fell in love. They had to as he could barely speak English, but she always knew what he was saying and understood him perfectly. They married on November 22, 1924 in Marshfield, Vt. My grandmother was born 9/2/1903, and was 12 years younger than Antonio. They had 16 children together. Seven of these children died young, one set of twins. There names were Alice Louise, Alma Grace, Thelma Jean, Manuel James, Joy Rose, Martha, Marie Anne, Priscilla May, Phyllis Cecile, and their youngest son Antonio Midas. They definitely had a hard life, as you can tell with so many children to raise, money was sparse. One thing I do know they were all loved and cared for. Antonio and Flora did the best job they could with what little they had.

Antonio worked for the CCC Camp in Groton, Vermont from 1934-1937. This was through the government, run by the US Army to create jobs for people to help them through the depression. Antonio belonged to the 146th Company. This was located at Groton State Forest, in Groton, Vermont. The men were given physicals and shots, and were assigned to barracks with cots. They had to have a foot locker which was purchased for four dollars. This was taken out of their first month's pay. They were paid $30.00 a month which usually was sent home to care for family. There were 50 men in this particular company. They were a total of 4 barracks, with seperate Officers quarters, and a kitchen with a root cellar. Antonio left his home in Marshfield on Sunday, worked the week and returned to his family every Friday. This camp constructed the Waterbury, Marshfield, and East Barre Dams. They also worked on major highways in Vermont. During Antonio's life in Vermont he also worked for Flint Brothers Saw Mill, and Lane Construction Company also.

I remember weekly visits with my grandfather. I used to love to hear him speak, with that beautiful Portuguese accent. We never learned to speak Portuguese, and when he spoke in his broken English I used to giggle. I always loved to sit and listen to him tell me little stories. One in particular about when he was a child he used to see the men out on the sea, in their fishing boats. What a hard life that was, leaving their families for days. He never wanted to be a fisherman. His family was poor and he wanted a better life. I was his favorite, and had long hair and pierced ears, like the girls in Portugal he told me. He always called me Caesar. Later on he became ill and my grandmother put a hospital bed in the living room for him. One day after school I stopped for a visit on Thursday and he hugged me and told me he was going to die on Sunday. He wanted me to go with him, he said he couldn't leave me. I was so scared, I remember looking at my grandmother who had gone into the kitchen, hoping she would come and help me. He died April 9, 1968 on Sunday when I was 15 years old, in Barre, Vermont. I will never forget him as long as I live. I have comfort in knowing that when I die, I will see him again, and this time I will never have to leave him.

I started searching in 1984 for my grandfather's past. I have written over 30 letters to Portugal in an attempt to find some part of what he left in Portugal. He never spoke of his family there and it all died with him. I have a deep passion for family history and I will never stop trying to connect his life here with the one he left so many years ago. I wonder what he was like as a child growing up in Portugal. I can't be the only one looking for Antonio's life. Isn't there someone in Portugal that has wondered what ever happened to Antonio Gouveia. He left in 1912 and never came home. I need that link to my heritage and maybe someday I will find it. I'll never stop trying as long as I have a breath in my body I will search. My hope is that oneday I can call my mother and say I have found Antonio's past. I only hope that this can happen before she leaves this land. It would be so wonderful to share that story!

Cyndi Crumb, E-Mail: jcrumb@snet.net

From pages 274-275 of Portuguese Pioneers of the Sacramento Area:

JOHN ALFONSO PEREIRA came to Sacramento from São Braz de Aportel in the Algarve, and then returned to Portugal to find a new wife and start a new family because of an accident that killed his former wife and three children. This was during the Depression of 1929, when all the banks were folding. He was able to get his money, and returned to Portugal as a rich man.

There he purchased and improved farm land in Sitio Peral, and married ROSA MARTINS, born August 1908 in the Algarve, and daughter of Francisco Martins and Maria Batista.

John Pereira returned to Sacramento in 1931 to make a home for his new family, and then in 1932 sent for his wife, Rosa, and their year-old son, Joaquin Martins Pereira, born November 2, 1931 in the Algarve. Mother and son arrived in New York in January 1933, and took a train to Sacramento to be with John Pereira in North Sacramento.

They lived on property owned by North Sacramento Land Company on a site near the present Sacramento City dump. Construction of the Elvis freeway took the house, so they moved to the Robla area and farmed a tract of land on Bell near Sully.

Son Joaquin recalled putting up fence posts with his father around the perimeter of the property in the winter when the ground was wet, later seeing many of those green posts grow into trees. They also put in a windmill pump made of Montgomery Wards windmill parts and old car frames for the tower. Their cows had plenty of water and pasture. John and Rosa worked hard at farming to pay for the farm and raise four children. They had a good-sized herd of cows and many pigs

The year 1940 was especially difficult. John Pereira became ill with sleeping sickness (encephalitis) and died in August 1940 when young Joaquin was nine years old, daughter Josephine was seven, Rosie was six, and Joseph was five years old.

Rosa didn't speak English, and though many friends helped the family, they had to sell the animals and move to Silver Eagle Road where they had an acre of ground. They bought an old street car from Sacramento, and lived in it until Rosa married again.

Her second marriage was to ANTONIO P. SOUZA who was born in Portugal on March 1884. He immigrated to the United States by himself in 1914, and reached California in 1915.

He found a job in Natomas working in an orchard, and then in 1920 he bought a small ranch down the road from where he worked. At the time of their marriage he owned the Lisbon fruit ranch in Natomas.

Together, Rosa and Tony Souza had three more children: Domingos, Carmen, and Alvin. Tony Souza died in 1970, and Rosa in 1967. They had lived in Natomas until their deaths. The ranch in Natomas was left to the children: Joaquin, Joseph, and Rose Pereira; Josephine Pereira Page, Carmen Souza Shaffer; and Domingos (Martin) and Alvin Souza.

Domingos Martins Souza built a home on one end of the ranch and worked for the City of Sacramento. Carmen and her husband Dick Shaffer built a new home where the old family home had been. Alvin Souza worked for the Sacramento Municipal Utility District, where at age 16 he was electrocuted while working.

Joaquin Martins Pereira, Rosas son by John Alfonso Pereira, farmed, graduated from college, and then joined the California Highway Patrol. He was the first recipient of a Cabrillo Club scholarship, which encouraged him to get a degree. He completed 30 years as a CHP motorcycle officer, and then on retirement continued pursuing his hobbies of building houses and investing in real estate.

[Joaquin M. Pereira]

From pages 289-291 of Portuguese Pioneers of the Sacramento Area:

JOSE FERREIRA ROSA came to California in 1911 from Dardavaz, Portugal, where he was born March 20, 1888. He left behind his wife, the former MARGARIDA De MATTOS, and three-year-old son Candido. He promised his wife Margarida he would send for her as soon as he made enough money to pay for their passage.

Joe, as he was soon called, found work in Yolo County, working on Joe Santos' ranch. He worked hard, getting up at daybreak and working with a team of horses until dark and sometimes having to milk cows before breakfast, earning a dollar a day and room and board.

By 1914 he had saved enough money to send for his wife and son. When they arrived they went to live with Joe on the ranch in a two-room cabin which the boss provided.

Margarida began cooking for the hired men. During the hop season she and Candido picked hops for extra money and in the spring picked wild mushrooms which Joe took into town to the Italian restaurants. They began saving money.

But Margarida didn't like where they lived. Very ambitious, she told Joe they could make money if they had their own place. She would raise pigs and calves. So Joe went out and began looking and soon found on the Garden Highway in Natomas a ranch for rent belonging to Rose Sheehan and a Miss Kyaul, two old-maid school teachers.

In early 1920 they moved in and began raising hogs, sheep and calves for market and Joe began clearing ground of brush and oaks for the Natomas Company, pulling tree stumps with his horses. It was hard work. Joe began farming this ground that he cleared, the Natomas Company letting him have it for five years free of rent for his work. After that he paid a share rent to the company.

Candido was then 12 years old and he helped on the ranch, fed the hogs, and cattle before going to school, and pumped water by hand to fill the troughs. Margarida had had surgery, and wasn't able to do much for a long time, so a lot of work fell on the young son.

By then they had another son, Wilbert Rosa, who was born in September 1915 in Yolo County. Another son, Manuel Rosa, was born in February 1919.

Joe cleared many hundreds of acres of ground for the Natomas Company. He began raising crops of beans, tomatoes, and alfalfa, besides the livestock, and they began to prosper. When the first Fordson tractors came out Joe bought one to help get the work done faster and was able to work more ground. Candido operated the tractor, and they were very proud of it because not many people had one at the time.

In the meantime Joe and Margarida had bought some acreage of their own and in 1935 they had a house built by Frank Sarmento. This ranch was just across the road from where they were living. At last Margarida had her own ranch and house. They kept buying more ground until Joe and Margarida owned 800 acres of their own. Some of it they had to sell to Sacramento County for the Metropolitan Airport.

Margarida and Joe made a trip to Portugal in 1930 and again in 1948. Margarida died in January 1965, and Joe died in September 1975.

Candido F. Rosa, the oldest son, was born in Dardavoz, Portugal, in 1908. He had been attending the Monument School in Yolo County, and when the family moved to Natomas he attended the American Basin School on Elkhorn Road - a one-room school house where all eight grades were together. The boys had to keep the wood stove going in the winter, hauling in the wood. There were two outdoor toilets, no running water, and no electric lights. He graduated from American Basin in 1923. (There is no American Basin School now.)

In 1924 he entered Sacramento High school, then at 18th and K Streets. To get there he had to cross the Sacramento River on the Elkhorn Ferry. On the Yolo side he waited for the Northern Electric train coming from Woodland. When the river was high in the winter the ferry did not operate and the children couldn't get to school. The County paid $5.00 a month toward their transportation. They missed quite a bit of school in the winter, so Candido bought a motorcycle and rode it to school. After two years he quit school and worked on his father's ranch.

In 1930 he married Mary Ferreira. They had attended American Basin School together. Candido continued farming with his father. Later the two younger brothers, Wilbert and Manuel Rosa, joined in the partnership. In 1945 the partnership broke up, and Candido then farmed for himself, raising beans, canning tomatoes for Del Monte, corn, and grain.

Candido and Mary had two children: Joyce Rosa Pappa and Donald Joseph Rosa. In 1957 they built a new house on the Garden Highway ranch. Candido continued farming and his operation grew. In December 1966 he had an accident and died. Mary later moved out of their home when the County bought her ranch for a buffer zone for Metropolitan Airport. (See FERREIRA.)

Wilbert Rosa, the middle son, went on his own when the partnership broke up. He had a new home built near El Centro Road in Natomas where he farmed. By then he had four children - Ardith Jackson, Rodney Rosa, Drena McDonald, and Denise Bertolino. Wilbert later married the widowed Lorrene Nevis Dutra, and Wilbert's son Rodney, along with his stepson Joe Dutra, joined Wilbert in farming. Now retired, Wilbert and Lorrene live on the home place he built.

The youngest son, Manuel Rosa, lives on the home place of his parents with his wife, Teofla Silva Rosa. Manuel and Teofla have two daughters, Karen Ferguson and Odette Ebersole. Manuel, now retired, farmed for many years in partnership with his father and brothers before going out on his own.

There are four generations of Rosas still living in Natomas.

[Mary Ferreira Rosa]


My ggg-grandfather Josef Silveira was a rich merchant downtown Lisbon, Portugal. About 1774-1800, to keep his sons Joseph 21 and Emmanuel out of the Army, he had the boys put on a ship for America. They were given plenty of money and cloths. On the way over the Captain of the ship stole their money and clothes and sold them into slavery, or the ship was wrecked off the coast of America with Joseph being picked up and taken to South America while Emmanuel came to America and married Jennette Marsh in 1817. She is supposed to be a realitive of Robert Morris. Any information on this family will be appreciated. Thanks. mel.

[Melvin W Silvara <silvara@cncnet.com>]

From pages 336-337 of Portuguese Pioneers of the Sacramento Area:

FRANCISCO MANUEL VIEGAS was born in Izeda in northern Portugal. His parents died when he was four years old, so he was raised by his godmother, who had ten children of her own. After he had served six years in the Portuguese Army, Francisco married 15-year-oid THERESA GRALHOS, who was from the small village of Sanceriz, Portugal.

Five years after they were married they had their first son, August, who was born in Braganca, Portugal. When August was nine months old, the family left Oporto on the English ship Willesden on December 11, 1911, bound for Hawaii.

At the time of their departure from Portugal, single men could go to Hawaii only in the company of a family, so Francisco and Theresa took with them Anibel August, Antonio Pires, and Frank Silva, who later became a rice grower in Delevan, Calif., and was godfather to all of the August boys.

After three months at sea via Cape Horn, all suffering from sea sickness, they reached Hawaii, where they worked in the sugarcane fields near Hilo. A second child, a girl, was born there, but died after one week. Two years later they had Valentine (Val), and two years later Camilo (Clark).

They stayed in Hilo, Hawaii, for eight years, then came to Sacramento, where Francisco went to work at Southern Pacific Railroad for a few years, and then worked for various Portuguese farmers in Natomas, the Pocket, and the Clarksburg area. For several years Francisco bossed a crew of Portuguese men, hoeing beans and working other crops.

Francisco and Theresa had eight more children: Lawrence (Larry), Daniel (Dan), Mary, Anthony (Tony), Eli, Francisco Jr., Theodore (Ted), and Robert. Robert died when he was just one year old, Camilo in 1962, Francisco Jr. in 1988, and August in 1989.

Francisco was very active in the Portuguese Holy Spirit Society, being president in 1940, and helped cook sopas at many of the festas. He was also active in IDES No.3 of Freeport, the UPEC, St. Elizabeth's Church, and other Portuguese groups. He was the caretaker of the ODES Hall at 6th and W Streets for many years, and in later years was also the janitor of St. Elizabeth Church for Msgr. Val Fagundes.

Theresa died in 1938; Francisco Sr. in 1966, at age 84.

[Mary Viegas Madeira]

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